Interview with the Representative of Asian Development Bank (ADB)
ADB plays a major role in supporting the progress of developing countries. ADB supports the efforts of resolving issues in the region such as the elimination of poverty, the strengthening of infrastructure, disaster prevention and response, as well as climate change and other environmental problems. Mr. Tamaki explained thoughtfully and thoroughly the economic situation in the Asia Pacific region, and the ways which Japan is contributing to ADB and summarized the role ADB plays in the area.
The Ties between ADB and APIC
Through the interview with Mr. Tamaki, I was able to sense that both ADB and APIC are providing vital support to developing countries. At first glance, it may seem that ADB gives support based upon the cooperation and relationship between countries, but in fact it is much deeper. ADB puts a heavy emphasis on interpersonal relationships, with Mr. Tamaki commenting that “as a development bank and in order to contribute to these developing countries in a positive way, we look not only at the economic feasibility of each project, but also take into careful consideration the environmental and social impacts”. APIC has a similar function; because APIC has strong ties in the region, it is trusted by the countries in the area and thus it is able to undertake a variety of projects. The shared trust that both ADB and APIC have in the region is the reason that Japan is a trusted nation and is able to lend its technological and system support, and this is what I believe to be similar in both organizations.
The Biggest Challenge Facing ADB: Poverty in the Region
Since its foundation, ADB has made the reduction of poverty its biggest and most important issue. Over the years, poverty has declined in the region with the help of inclusive growth strategies，and ADB is still supporting ways to reduce poverty even further. Mr. Tamaki said that “when approaching a large-scale problem such as poverty, there are a number of different angles from which to approach and solve. ADB looks at the installation of infrastructure and prevention of natural disasters among other aspects to see where they can keep eliminating causes of poverty”. This approach of looking at poverty as not merely a number or percentage, but as a population that is vulnerable to economic shocks, uncontrollable natural disasters and other elements made me realize that poverty is a problem that needs to be faced head-on with earnest. Mr. Tamaki also commented that “in order for these countries to keep progressing and developing with their own power, it’s of upmost importance to put on a firm basis so that the citizens will cooperate with each other”. This made me think about the idea that knowledge and technical assistance is more important and effective than assistance in the field of physical infrastructure development in this region, and the corresponding importance of “international cooperation”.
Mr. Tamaki held a question and answer session after talking about ADB and its role not only as a bank but as an international body, and how the bank goes about solving issues such as poverty and economic instability. He also talked in detail about how the approaches they take to solving these issues, but also about what other important plans they have for the future to strengthen the region. We are very grateful to have been given this opportunity to talk to an informed leader about world issues that would not ordinarily come up in the classroom.
(Written by Masaki Aoyagi, Saki Watanabe, Haruka Matsukawa, and Maya Shinano, interns)
The Association for the Promotion of International Cooperation (APIC) is engaged in various development cooperation projects for the purpose of promoting international cooperation and deepening mutual understanding between Japan and various countries.
The following activities comprise the focus of the APIC mandate
1. Supporting development cooperation projects throughout the Pacific Island region
2. Supporting development cooperation projects throughout the Caribbean region
3. Organizing social meetings and symposia regarding global issues
4. Organizing social meetings regarding international cooperation
5. Supporting recipients of the "APIC-Sophia Xavier High School International Student Scholarship"
6. Training younger generations interested in international cooperation
APIC was established on September 8th 1975, for the pacific purpose of facilitating public understanding and cooperation on ODA through the provision of information regarding Official Development Assistance including ODA.
APIC was transformed into a general incorporated foundation following a legal revision on April 1st 2013, but still maintains its functions and activities according to its original mandate.
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